REST-assured Examples: GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, DELETE

Amir Ghahrai

Amir Ghahrai

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This post explains how to send API HTTP Requests using REST-assured library. Examples cover GET, POST, PUT, PATCH and DELETE requests.

REST-assured HTTP API Requests

GET Request

The HTTP GET request is used to fetch a resource from a server.

The following example uses the get() method from REST-assured library.

Example:

import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.http.ContentType;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;

public class RestAssuredRequests {

    @BeforeAll
    public static void setup() {
        RestAssured.baseURI = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
    }

    @Test
    public void getRequest() {
        Response response = given()
                .contentType(ContentType.JSON)
                .when()
                .get("/posts")
                .then()
                .extract().response();

        Assertions.assertEquals(200, response.statusCode());
        Assertions.assertEquals("qui est esse", response.jsonPath().getString("title[1]"));
    }
}

GET Request With Query Params

To send query parameters along with the GET request, we use the queryParam method:

import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.http.ContentType;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;

public class RestAssuredRequests {

    @BeforeAll
    public static void setup() {
        RestAssured.baseURI = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
    }

    @Test
    public void getRequestWithQueryParam() {
        Response response = given()
                .contentType(ContentType.JSON)
                .param("postId", "2")
                .when()
                .get("/comments")
                .then()
                .extract().response();

        Assertions.assertEquals(200, response.statusCode());
        Assertions.assertEquals("Meghan_Littel@rene.us", response.jsonPath().getString("email[3]"));
    }
}

POST Request

HTTP POST request is used to post data or create a resource on a server.

To send a POST request in REST-assured, we use the post() method:

import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;

public class RestAssuredRequests {

    private static String requestBody = "{\n" +
            "  \"title\": \"foo\",\n" +
            "  \"body\": \"bar\",\n" +
            "  \"userId\": \"1\" \n}";

    @BeforeAll
    public static void setup() {
        RestAssured.baseURI = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
    }

    @Test
    public void postRequest() {
        Response response = given()
                .header("Content-type", "application/json")
                .and()
                .body(requestBody)
                .when()
                .post("/posts")
                .then()
                .extract().response();

        Assertions.assertEquals(201, response.statusCode());
        Assertions.assertEquals("foo", response.jsonPath().getString("title"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("bar", response.jsonPath().getString("body"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("1", response.jsonPath().getString("userId"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("101", response.jsonPath().getString("id"));
    }
}

PUT Request

The PUT request updates a resource but requires the full JSON payload.

To send a PUT request in REST-assured, we use the put() method:

import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;

public class RestAssuredRequests {

    private static String requestBody = "{\n" +
            "  \"title\": \"foo\",\n" +
            "  \"body\": \"baz\",\n" +
            "  \"userId\": \"1\",\n" +
            "  \"id\": \"1\" \n}";

    @BeforeAll
    public static void setup() {
        RestAssured.baseURI = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
    }

    @Test
    public void putRequest() {
        Response response = given()
                .header("Content-type", "application/json")
                .and()
                .body(requestBody)
                .when()
                .put("/posts/1")
                .then()
                .extract().response();

        Assertions.assertEquals(200, response.statusCode());
        Assertions.assertEquals("foo", response.jsonPath().getString("title"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("baz", response.jsonPath().getString("body"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("1", response.jsonPath().getString("userId"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("1", response.jsonPath().getString("id"));
    }
}

PATCH Request

The PATCH request updates a resource but requires only the field(s) which is being updated in the payload:

import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;

public class RestAssuredRequests {

    private static String requestBody = "{\n" +
            "  \"title\": \"bax\" \n}";

    @BeforeAll
    public static void setup() {
        RestAssured.baseURI = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
    }

    @Test
    public void patchRequest() {
        Response response = given()
                .header("Content-type", "application/json")
                .and()
                .body(requestBody)
                .when()
                .patch("/posts/1")
                .then()
                .extract().response();

        Assertions.assertEquals(200, response.statusCode());
        Assertions.assertEquals("bax", response.jsonPath().getString("title"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("1", response.jsonPath().getString("userId"));
        Assertions.assertEquals("1", response.jsonPath().getString("id"));
    }
}

DELETE Request

The DELETE request is used to delete a resource from a server.

To send a DELETE request in REST-assured, we use the delete() method:

import io.restassured.RestAssured;
import io.restassured.response.Response;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Assertions;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.BeforeAll;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import static io.restassured.RestAssured.given;

public class RestAssuredRequests {

    @BeforeAll
    public static void setup() {
        RestAssured.baseURI = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteRequest() {
        Response response = given()
                .header("Content-type", "application/json")
                .when()
                .delete("/posts/1")
                .then()
                .extract().response();

        Assertions.assertEquals(200, response.statusCode());
    }
}
#api-testing #http